بسم اللّه
21 Nov 2017

: What was the rank of Imam Íusayn (Ýa) according to the Prophet (Ò)?

Answer: Imam Íusayn (Ýa) possessed a special rank and position in the Muslim community of his time. He was the son of FÁÔimah ZahrÁ (Ýa) and therefore, the grandson of the Prophet (Ò). Both Imam Íasan (Ýa) and Imam Íusayn (Ýa) were greatly loved by the Prophet (Ò) and the Prophet (Ò) narrated various traditions to his companions in regards to them; due to this reason, they were greatly loved by the Muslim community as a whole. We will narrate some of these traditions from the Prophet (Ò) below: 1- The Prophet (Ò) said the following in regards to Imam Íasan (Ýa) and Imam Íusayn (Ýa): Íasan and Íusayn are the masters of the youth of paradise.[1] 2- Another tradition has mentioned: A group of the Prophet’s (Ò) companions were going to a gathering and the Prophet (Ò) was walking in front of them. Along the way, the Prophet (Ò) saw Íusayn; when he went to embrace him, Íusayn began to run this way and that way. The Prophet (Ò) began to smile when he saw this and he ended up eventually picking him up. He then kissed Íusayn and said: Íusayn is from me and I am from Íusayn. Whoever loves Íusayn, God will love him.[2] 3- The Prophet (Ò) would place Íasan and Íusayn upon his shoulders and he would show his love through lines of poetry that he recited for them.[3] Sometimes, the Prophet (Ò) would be giving a sermon on the pulpit when he would see Íasan and Íusayn. He would then (stop his speech and) come down, kissing and embracing them in front of everyone (in order to show everyone their rank and position).[4] In other instances, people would ask him which one of his family members he loved the most. He would say: Íasan and Íusayn, and he would always be seen embracing them…[5] [6] [1] This tradition has been narrated in both Shia and Sunni traditions such as: Masnad AÎmad, vol. 3, p. 62, 64, and 82; Sunan TirmidhÐ, vol. 5, p. 321: «اَلْحَسَنُ وَ الْحُسَیْنُ سَیِّدا شَبابِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ» [2] Masnad AÎmad, vol. 4, p. 172; Sunan Ibn MÁjah, vol. 1, p. 51; ManÁqib Ibn Shahr ÀshÙb, vol. 3, p. 226: «حُسَینٌ مِنّی وَ أَنَا مِنْ حُسَین أَحَبَّ اللهُ مَنْ أَحَبَّ حُسَیناً» [3] Kanz al-ÝUmmÁl, vol. 13, p. 664, 666, and 667; BiÎÁr al-anwÁr, vol. 43, p. 285 and 286. [4] BiÎÁr al-anwÁr, vol. 43, p. 284. [5] Sayr aÝlÁm al-nubalÁÞ, vol. 4, p. 382: سُئِلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ أَىُّ أَهْلِ بَیْتِکَ أَحَبُّ إِلَیْکَ؟ قالَ: اَلْحَسَنُ وَ الْحُسَیْنُ. وَ کانَ یَشُمُّهُما وَ یَضُمُّهُما إِلَیْهِ [6] Taken from the text: ÝÀshÙrÁ RÐshehÁ, AngÐzehÁ, RuÐdÁdhÁ, PayamadhÁ, by SaÝÐd DÁwÙdÐ and MahdÐ Rus

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